EXPIRED ON DECEMBER 31, 2021:
Full Expensing of Research and Development (R&D) Investments
- The U.S. is now one of only two developed countries without immediate expensing for R&D.
- This change is a damaging departure from 70 years of bipartisan pro-innovation policy.
- China is doubling down on incentives to bolster R&D, while the U.S. is making it more expensive.
- More than 10,000 American jobs will be lost each year over the next decade without immediate R&D expensing.
EXPIRED ON DECEMBER 31, 2022
Full Expensing of Investments in New Equipment, Machinery and Technology
- Starting in 2023, businesses can only expense 80% of investments in new equipment, falling to 60% in 2024, 40% in 2025, 20% in 2026 and eliminated completely in 2027.
- The elimination of full expensing discourages domestic investment, limiting opportunities for businesses and workers in the U.S.
- Full and partial expensing has been in the tax code for 21 of the past 23 years and supported by Republicans and Democrats.
- Permanent full expensing would create 73,000 American jobs.
EXPIRED ON DECEMBER 31, 2021
Limited Interest Deduction on Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)
- As of 2022, the business interest deduction is restricted to 30% of a company’s earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) rather than EBITDA. This is a tax increase.
- Switching from EBITDA to EBIT makes it more expensive for businesses to invest in America, resulting in slower job creation, smaller wage increases and lower overall economic growth.
- The U.S. is now an international outlier on business interest deductibility, with no other developed country basing the deduction on EBIT.
- Returning to an interest deduction based on 30% of a business’ EBITDA would create nearly 10,000 American jobs.