Hiring Lower-Skilled Workers

A primary factor that propels immigrants to enter America illegally is the opportunity to work in full-year jobs at salaries higher than in their home countries. They enter and work illegally because the U.S. immigration system has no visa category for year-round jobs in hotels, restaurants or construction. Only foreign nationals interested in seasonal positions can work lawfully at lower-skilled jobs. The bureaucratic H-2A seasonal visa for agriculture and the equally bureaucratic and numerically limited H-2B category for nonagricultural work, such as in summer resorts, are the only legal alternatives for foreign nationals to work at lower-skilled jobs in the United States.

About the Report

Business Roundtable selected the evaluated countries based on five criteria:

  1. Worldwide university rankings;
  2. Per-capita income;
  3. Gross domestic product growth rate;
  4. Net migration rate; and
  5. Research and development investment.

After comparing each advanced economy relative to the five criteria, the top 10 countries (including the United States) were selected for the study: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, Switzerland and the United Kingdom (U.K.). Not coincidentally, these are the countries with which the United States competes most for foreign talent, particularly in science and technology fields.

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